Diet supplement

A diet supplement is designed to be consumed either by swallowing or chewing as a means of getting the required daily nutrient which an individual’s daily diet may be lacking. A dietary supplement may be a capsule, liquid, tablet, powders, or gelcaps.

A diet supplement may be produced from amino acids, minerals, vitamins, dietary substances, botanicals, etc. which may either be a combination of two or more of these, or just one.

There are lots of different diet supplement which offer various functions like to help you reduce weight, prevent diseases, or to give you additional amounts of nutrients.

How dietary supplements benefit the body

There are health benefits to taking dietary supplements. While it may be more beneficial to use these supplements after taking a balanced food diet, they can also be used to add nutrients which you may not have had the opportunity to get during your meal.

Diet supplements are often important to a person suffering from a deficiency of a particular nutrient. By taking a supplement of the said nutrient, there will be an improvement in symptoms. Example of such situation is the case of vitamins in the B class which is partly responsible for absorption of other nutrients in food. If you lack these vitamins, you may be exposed to anemia, skin disorders, or nerve damage.

Diet supplements also help in the repairs of damaged tissues and also increases bone strength and growth of tissues. This can be from the intake of supplements which are rich in vitamin D and calcium. This can also prevent some common bone diseases.

Risks associated with the use of drug supplements

Although there are benefits to using diet supplements, there are certain supplements that come with side effects after they are used. Some side effects are noticeable under certain conditions and may not prove to be anything serious unless these conditions are met. Examples of some side effect include;

  • Making prescription less potent; this is noticeable when used with prescription drugs
  • May cause bleeding in a case where it is used before a surgery

Other risks of diet supplements can be as a result of taking them in large amounts. It is also important that you consider the type a nutrient that you will be getting from a supplement and check with the nutrient you will be getting from your meal. This is to prevent accumulation of large quantities of a particular nutrient. Some nutrients can be harmful to the body if present in large amounts.

How to ensure your safety when using supplements

Most diet supplements will always come with instructions of use and nutritional content. Although the nutritional content may be approximate values, you can use them when making your calculations.

It is important to note that dietary supplements can be sold without proof of safety since they are not considered drugs. This also means you should not consider them as an option when treating medical conditions.

To ensure your safety, always speak to your doctor and get medical advice on the effects of each diet supplement. This is especially important if you are nursing a pregnancy, preparing for surgery, or undergoing treatment for a medical condition.


Depression as a medical condition is an illness in which there is a mood change leading to extreme feelings of sadness. The feelings, in this case, are more serious than those experienced by people in their daily life. In this case, the feelings of sadness can cause the patient to harbor feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness which can last for weeks. These feelings can alter the ability of the patient to function properly in everyday activities.

The only positive about this condition is that it is possible to treat it.


Learning about the symptoms of depression can make it easy to identify someone with the condition so they can get treatment. Before a person can be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms which are associated with depression will have been observed for two weeks or more. The symptoms of depression include;

  • Inability to sleep (insomnia) or excess sleep (hypersomnia)
  • Indecisiveness
  • Increase in fatigue level
  • Changes in appetite
  • Overwhelming feeling of sadness and hopelessness
  • Loss of interest
  • Headaches

These are some of the noticeable symptoms from the viewpoint of an observer. Anyone suffering from depression may also be having thoughts of suicide and worthlessness. They should be carefully watched.

Types of depression

There are various types of depression which may affect an individual. These types vary from the other in how they affect the person and may occur under different circumstances.

Some of the more common forms of depression include;

  1. Psychotic depression; in a case where there are symptoms of depression along with those of psychosis, it is called a psychotic depression. While the depression will induce sadness, the psychosis will provide hallucinations and delusions which are centered on sadness.
  2. Persistent depressive disorder; this is a type of depression which lasts for two years or more with periods of extreme depression and others of mild depression.
  3. Seasonal affective disorder; people with this form of depression tend to be affected during winter seasons. The trigger for this form of depression is a reduction in the amount of sunlight a person gets in a day.
  4. Perinatal (postpartum) depression; this form of depression is particular to women who have recently delivered a baby. It may occur during the weeks or months after the delivery and the depression, in this case, is usually a major issue.

There are other forms of depression which may be experienced which include;

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric disorder


After diagnosis and evaluation of the situation, a doctor will decide on the most efficient way to treating the depression experienced by an individual. Different methods that a doctor can use include;


Therapy treatment for depression includes psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and Electroconvulsive therapy. Psychotherapy involves a discussion between the doctor and the patient or with a group. It is used in cases of depression which have not become serious threats. It is performed in the same way as cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps the individual solve the problems with their thought process.

Electroconvulsive therapy is used in serious cases of depression, and it involves the stimulation of the brain.

Antidepressants may also be given as medication to make some alterations to the brain structure of the patient.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder is a situation where a person may experience drastic changes in mood. The mood will alternate between mania and depression. The mania phase is when the person exhibits a sudden burst of energy and excitement. The depression phase usually involves periods of sadness and hopelessness.

These sudden mood changes can affect how a person performs during daily activities and interaction with others. It may also lead to thoughts of suicide, and this increases the risk of suicide among such people.


This condition may sometimes be referred to as manic depression, and the symptoms will vary based on the mood phase the person is currently experiencing.

The symptoms of a manic or hypomanic state include

  • An increase in the activity level of a person
  • Quick speech which is not understood
  • Getting annoyed easily
  • Taking unnecessary risks
  • Excess energy

For a depressive state, symptoms may include

  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Loss of interest
  • Sluggishness
  • Sleep related problems

There are lots of other symptoms for the different moods, but those listed above are some common pointers to indicate bipolar disorder.

Types of bipolar disorder

There are different types of bipolar disorder which different individuals may experience. Two of the most common bipolar disorders experienced include;

Bipolar I disorder; this has to do with periods of critical episodes involving the mood from mania to depression

Bipolar II disorder: This is a form of mood elevation which is milder. It involves less intense hypomania episodes that alternate between moments of intense depression.

Cyclothymic disorder: this has to do with periods of hypomanic symptoms which are brief, and they don’t last as long as full depressive or hypomanic episodes.

Mixed Features: Has to do with the occurrence of combined symptoms of opposite mood polarities during hypomanic, depressive and manic episodes. It is noted by sleeplessness, enhanced energy as well as racing thoughts. Additionally, the individual may feel irritable, hopeless, suicidal and despairing.

Rapid Cycling; this has to do with experiencing more than four mood episodes in a time frame of 12 months. For the episodes to be seen as unique episodes, they must stay for a specific number of days. It is more likely for women to experience a pattern of rapid cycling. Rapid cycling enhances the possibility of intense suicidal attempts and depression. Antidepressants have sometimes be linked to extending or triggering the rapid cycling period. Nonetheless, it has not been confirmed yet as the theory is still undergoing study.

Some possible symptoms of bipolar disorder

The following are some of the symptoms that show the possibility of bipolar disorder in an individual. They include;

  • Overconfidence and Grandiosity
  • Frequent sadness and Easy Tearfulness
  • Moodiness
  • Requiring minimal sleep to feel rested
  • Uncharacteristic moments of aggression and anger
  • Inattention and confusion